How do I know ConA bead binding was successful?
After ConA bead binding, save an aliquot of supernatant [unbound fraction] and take an aliquot of sample slurry [bead fraction] for Trypan blue staining as described. Successful ConA bead binding is indicated when:
- The unbound fraction contains few cells/nuclei (Figure A).
- The bead fraction contains permeabilized, Trypan Blue positive cells surrounded by beads (Figure B).
Should you not observe this, ensure:
- Count/integrity of cells before binding to ConA beads.
- ConA beads were never frozen.
- Cells/nuclei were not clumped.
- Beads did not become clumped or dried out.
- All buffers were correctly prepared.
Figure. Unbound fraction from ConA bead prep shows few cells/nuclei (A), whereas the bead fraction contains permeabilized (Trypan Blue positive) cells/nuclei surrounded by beads (brown spheres).